Lesson 1, Topic 1
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Accidents Questions

You’re going through a long tunnel. What will warn you of congestion or an incident ahead? Expand

A. Hazard warning lines

B. Other drivers flashing their lights

C. Variable message signs

D. Areas with hatch markings


Variable Message Signs are digital road signs that are used to tell drivers about traffic conditions.

 

When are you allowed to use hazard warning lights? Expand

A. When stopped and temporarily obstructing traffic

B. When travelling during darkness without headlights

C. When parked on double yellow lines to visit a shop

D. When travelling slowly because you’re lost


You must not use warning lights while you’re moving, except to warn traffic behind you when you slow down suddenly on a motorway or an unrestricted dual carriageway.

 

You arrive at the scene of a motorcycle crash. The riders is injured. When should their helmet be removed? Expand

A. Only when it’s essential

B. Always straight away

C. Only when the motorcyclist asks

D. Always, unless they’re in shock


You must not take a motorcyclists helmet off, unless it’s essential. Taking it off could cause more injury.

You arrive at the scene of a motorcycle crash. No other vehicle is involved. The rider is unconscious and lying in the middle of the road. What’s the first thing you should do at the scene? Expand

A. Move the rider out of the road

B. Warn other traffic

C. Clear the road of debris

D. Give the rider reassurance


Explanation:

Moving an injured motorcyclist can cause them more injury. Also, other traffic can cause them more injury. They need to be made aware that the motorcyclist is in the road. So the first thing you need to do is warn other traffic.

At an incident, it’s important to look after casualties. What should you do with them when the area is safe? Expand

A. Ask them how it happened

B. Give them something to eat

C. Move them away from the vehicles

D. Keep them where they are


Moving injured people can cause them even more injury. It’s best to leave them where they are

You arrive at an incident. A pedestrian is bleeding heavily from a leg wound. The leg isn’t broken and there’s nothing in the wound. How could you help? Expand

A. Dab the wound to stop the bleeding

B. Give them a warm drink

C. Keep the casualty’s legs flat on the ground

D. Apply firm pressure over the wound 


Applying pressure over the wound will help to slow the bleeding

What should you do if you see a large box fall from a lorry onto the motorway? Expand

A. Go to next emergency telephone and report the hazard

B. Catch up to the lorry and try to get the driver’s attention

C. Stop close to the box until the police arrive

D. Pull over onto the hard shoulder, then remove the box


The safest option is to go to the next emergency telephone. You should never walk onto a motorway

After a collision, someone is unconscious in their vehicle. When should you call the emergency services? Expand

A. Only as a last resort

B. After you’ve woken them up

C. As soon as possible

D. After checking for broken bones


After checking that the injured person isn’t in any danger, you must call for help

You’ve broken down on a two-way road. You have a warning triangle. At least how far from your vehicle should you place the warning triangle? Expand

A. 100 metres

B. 45 metres

C. 25 metres

D. 10 metres


Other road users need to have enough warning so that they can slow down and pass by you safely.

Place your triangle about 45 metres away from your vehicle

Your car breaks down on a level crossing. What’s the first thing you should do? Expand

A. Tell drivers behind what’s happened

B. Leave your vehicle and get everyone clear

C. Stay in your car until you’re told to move

D. Walk down the track and signal the next train


The safest option is to get yourself and your passengers out of the vehicle and away from the track

What should you do if a tyre bursts while you’re driving? Expand

A. Pull on the parking brake

B. Brake as quickly as possible

C. Continue on at normal speed

D. Pull up slowly at the side of the road


If your tyre burst you will have less control of your car. Brake and steer gently to pull up slowly at the side of the road

What should you do if you vehicle has a puncture on a motorway? Expand

A. Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area. Change the wheel as quickly as possible

B. Switch on your hazard warning lights. Stop in your lane

C. Drive slowly to the next service area to get assistance

D. Pull up on the hard shoulder or in an emergency refuge area and call for assistance


If your car has a puncture you’ll have much less control of the car. You’ll need to pull up in a safe place and call for help. You must never try to fix your own car on a motorway

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