Lesson 1, Topic 1
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What does this sign mean?

  A. Bend to the right   B. Road on the right closed   C. No traffic from the right   D. No right turn  
The ‘no right turn’ sign may be used to warn road users that there’s a ‘no entry’ prohibition on a road to the right ahead.

What does this sign mean?

A. Route for trams only

B. Route for buses only   C. Parking for buses only   D. Parking for trams only

Avoid blocking tram routes. Trams are fixed on their route and can’t manoeuvre around other vehicles or pedestrians. Modern trams travel quickly and are quiet, so you might not hear them approaching.

Which sign means that pedestrians may be walking along the road?

When you pass pedestrians on the road, leave plenty of room. You might have to use the right-hand side of the road, so look well ahead, as well as in your mirrors, before pulling out. Take great care if a bend in the road obscures your view ahead.

What does ’25’ mean on this motorway sign?

A. The distance to the nearest town   B. The route number of the road   C. The number of the next junction   D. The speed limit on the slip road
Before you set out on your journey, use a road map to plan your route. When you see an advance warning of your junction, make sure you get into the correct lane in plenty of time. Last-minute harsh braking and cutting across lanes at speed is extremely hazardous.

You’re on a motorway. A lorry has stopped in the right-hand lane. What should you do when you see this sign on the lorry?

A. Move into the right-hand lane   B. Stop behind the flashing lights   C. Pass the lorry on the left   D. Leave the motorway at the next exit
Sometimes work is carried out on the motorway without closing the lanes. When this happens, signs are mounted on the back of lorries to warn other road users of the roadworks ahead.

Where would you find green reflective studs on a motorway?

A. Separating driving lanes   B. Between the hard shoulder and the carriageway   C. At slip-road entrances and exitsD. Between the carriageway and the central reservation
Knowing the colours of the reflective studs on the road will help you judge your position, especially at night, in foggy conditions or when visibility is poor.

What’s the meaning of this traffic sign?

A. End of a two-way road

B. Give priority to vehicles coming towards you   C. You have priority over vehicles coming towards you   D. Bus lane ahead  

Don’t force your way through. Show courtesy and consideration to other road users. Although you have priority, make sure oncoming traffic is going to give way before you continue.

When may you cross a double solid white line in the middle of the road?

A. To pass traffic that’s queuing back at a junction

B. To pass a car signalling to turn left ahead   C. To pass a road maintenance vehicle travelling at 10 mph or less   D. To pass a vehicle that’s towing a trailer
You may cross the solid white line to pass a stationary vehicle or to pass a pedal cycle, horse or road maintenance vehicle if it’s travelling at 10 mph or less. You may also cross the solid white line to enter a side road or access a property.

What does it mean if you see this signal on the motorway?

A. Leave the motorway at the next exit  
C. Sharp bend to the left ahead   D. Stop: all lanes ahead closed  

You’ll see this sign if there has been an incident ahead and the motorway is closed. You must obey the sign. Make sure that you prepare to leave in good time. Don’t cause drivers to take avoiding action by cutting in at the last moment.

What does this sign mean?

A. Ring road   B. Mini-roundabout   C. No vehicles   D. Roundabout
As you approach a roundabout, look well ahead and check all signs. Decide which exit you wish to take and move into the correct position as you approach the roundabout, signalling as required.

What does this sign mean?

A. End of dual carriageway   B. Tall bridge   C. Road narrows   D. End of a narrow bridge  

Don’t wait until the last moment before moving into the left-hand lane. Plan ahead and don’t rely on other traffic letting you in.

Which sign means turn left ahead?

Blue circles tell you what you must do and this sign gives a clear instruction to turn left ahead. You should be looking out for signs at all times and know what they mean.

What does this sign mean?

A. No motor vehicles   B. End of motorway   C. No through road   D.End of bus lane
When you leave the motorway, make sure that you check your speedometer. You may be going faster than you realise. Slow down and look for speed-limit signs.

What messages are given by circular traffic signs that have a blue background?

A. They give temporary directions during a diversion   B. They give directions to car parks   C. They give motorway information   D. They give mandatory instructions  
Signs with blue circles generally give mandatory instruction. These are often found in urban areas and include signs for mini-roundabouts and directional arrows.

Which sign means the end of a dual carriageway?

If you’re overtaking, make sure you move back safely into the left-hand lane before you reach the end of the dual carriageway.

At traffic lights, what does it mean when the amber light shows on its own?

A. Prepare to go   B. Go if the way is clear   C. Go if no pedestrians are crossing   D. Stop at the stop line  
  When the amber light is showing on its own, the red light will follow next. The amber light means stop unless you’ve already crossed the stop line or you’re so close to it that stopping may cause a collision.

What does this sign mean?

A. National speed limit applies   B.Waiting restrictions apply   C. No stopping   D. No entry
This is the sign for a clearway. Clearways are stretches of road where you aren’t allowed to stop unless it’s an emergency. Stopping where these restrictions apply may be dangerous and is likely to cause an obstruction. Restrictions might apply for several miles and this may be indicated on the sign.

What shape are traffic signs giving orders?

Road signs in the shape of a circle give orders. Those with a red circle are mostly prohibitive. The ‘stop’ sign is octagonal to give it greater prominence. Signs giving orders must always be obeyed.

What does this sign mean?

A. Turn left ahead

B. T-junction   C. No through road   D. Give way
This type of sign warns you of hazards ahead. Make sure you look at each sign and road marking that you pass so that you don’t miss any vital instructions or information. This sign shows there’s a T-junction with priority over vehicles from the right.

How should the right-hand lane of a three-lane motorway be used?

A. As a high-speed lane   B. As an overtaking lane   C. As a right-turn lane   D. As an acceleration lane
You should stay in the left-hand lane of a motorway unless you’re overtaking another vehicle. The right-hand lane of a motorway is an overtaking lane; it isn’t the ‘fast lane’. After overtaking, move back to the left when it’s safe to do so.

What does this sign mean?

A. No parking

B. No road markings   C. No through road   D. No entry
‘No entry’ signs are used in places such as one-way streets to prevent vehicles from driving against the traffic. To ignore one would be dangerous, both for yourself and for other road users, as well as being against the law.

What does this sign indicate?

A. A diversion route

B. A picnic area   C. A pedestrian zone   D. A cycle route
When a diversion route has been put in place, drivers are advised to follow a symbol, which may be a black triangle, square, circle or diamond shape on a yellow background.

Which diagram shows a hazard warning line?

You need to know the difference between the normal centre line and a hazard warning line. If there’s a hazard ahead, the markings are longer and the gaps shorter. This gives you advance warning of an unspecified hazard.

What does this sign mean?

A. Waiting restrictions apply   B. Waiting permitted   C. National speed limit applies   D. Clearway (no stopping)
There’ll be a plate or an additional sign to tell you when the restrictions apply.

What does this sign mean?

A. Give way to oncoming vehicles

B. Approaching traffic passes you on both sides   C. Turn off at the next available junction   D. Pass either side to get to the same destination
These signs are often seen in one-way streets that have more than one lane. When you see this sign, use the route that’s the most convenient and doesn’t require a late change of direction.

What does this sign mean?

A. End of restricted speed area

B. End of restricted parking area   C. End of clearway D. End of cycle route
Even though you’ve left the restricted area, make sure that you park where you won’t endanger other road users or cause an obstruction.

What does this sign mean?

A. Change to the left-hand lane   B. Leave at the next exit   C. Contraflow system   D. One-way street
If you use the right-hand lane in a contraflow system, you’ll be travelling with no permanent barrier between you and the oncoming traffic. Observe speed limits and keep a good distance from the vehicle ahead.

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