Lesson 1, Topic 1
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Town Driving and One-Way Streets

In this lesson you will practise driving through towns.

You will learn how to deal with:

  • Busy traffic
  • Trams
  • Pedestrians
  • One way streets
  • Bus and cycle lanes 

You will use all the skills you have already developed in your lessons so far.

Its important to check mirrors even more frequently than normal.

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You will use the same hazard routine:

  • Mirrors
  • Signal
  • Position
  • Speed
  • Look

Driving in Towns

When driving in town, there is a lot going on. To help you drive safely:

  • Drive at an appropriate speed
  • Look at signs and markings
  • Check mirrors more frequently
  • Especially expect and look out for cyclists and pedestrians
  • Look well ahead – plan well ahead

Make sure you DO NOT stop or wait:

  • on crossings
  • across junctions
  • in box junctions

Plan where you are going and:

  • start your hazard routine early
  • get in the correct lane or position early
  • if you are in the wrong lane, don’t worry about going the wrong way

If it’s busy you may need to signal to request to move lanes. Keep a good check in your mirrors and only change lane if it’s safe to do so. You will need to get to the appropriate speed first.

There is not point trying to change into a lane where all the traffic is moving much faster then you! 

One-Way Streets

One way systems have been introduced into towns and cities to help with the flow of traffic.

Look out for signs and road markings that will indicate if you’re entering a one-way road.

Although it’s a one-way road, still keep a look out for people travelling towards you. Someone may make a mistake!

One these one-way roads, you can overtake on the left or the right. Take extra care and make good use of your mirrors to see what other road users are doing.

When you are approaching a new road, check for signs that will indicate if you are going onto a one-way or two-way road. 

Remember: If you are turning right, you should be positioned in the right hand lane. If you have accidentally gone into the left-hand lane, turn left instead. 

It is NOT a test fault to go the wrong way – but you will fail a driving test if you turn right from the left-hand lane.

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One Way Street

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Two Way Traffic Ahead

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Two Way Traffic Crosses One Way Road

Bus Lane

Bus lanes may be for buses only all of the time. Or they may be for buses only at certain times of the day.

Look for signs that will tell you if it is a lane for the use of buses only, or if there are certain times of the day when other traffic can use the lane.

Sometimes you may find that a bus lane flows in the opposite direction to the rest of the traffic. This is known as a contraflow bus lane. You may be on a one way system with a bus lane going in the opposite direction.


Cycle Lanes

Cycle lanes normally have a solid white line. You should not cross that line.

You may need to cross the line to turn left or right. Take extra care to check and re-check mirrors before crossing the line to turn. Remember that cyclists can be travelling as fast or faster than vehicles when in town.

At traffic lights you may come across advanced stop lines. You must wait behind the first line. If you have already crossed the first line, you must wait behind the second line.


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Contraflow Bus Lane

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Contraflow Cycle Lane


Trams have been introduced to towns and cities to provide an efficient and environmentally form of public transport.

Tram lines may be on roads that are open to other traffic.

Areas reserved for trams are marked with white lines and / or a different road surface.

Some important points to remember:

  • Trams cannot change direction
  • Tram lines may be slippery for cyclists, mopeds and motorcyclists
  • Trams are silent and move quickly
  • watch out for pedestrians getting on and off trams

You MUST obey all warning signs or signals controlling traffic.

If there are no signals, always give way to trams. 

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Road for trams only

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Tram drivers follow diamond shape signs

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