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ADI Part 2 – Driving

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  1. Before Starting the Vehicle
    4 Topics
  2. Starting the Vehicle and Moving Away
    5 Topics
  3. MSPSGL Routine, Stopping and Junctions
    16 Topics
  4. Emergency Stop and Manoeuvres
    5 Topics
  5. Awareness, Vulnerable Road Users, Planning and Anticipation
    2 Topics
  6. Independent Driving
    2 Topics
  7. Show Me / Tell Me Questions
    1 Topic
  8. Trainer Notes & Reflective Log Upload Section: Part 2 Practical Sessions
    2 Topics
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Emergency stop:

When driving normally, good planning and anticipation skills should mean you won’t need to brake suddenly or harshly at all, however, if an emergency arises you must be able to stop quickly and under control.

There are four main elements to a good emergency stop:

• Quick reactions – Speed you move your foot from the gas to the brake.

• Progressive braking – Squeeze the brake on firmly, no stamping.

• Clutch timing – Clutch pedal down just before stopping, giving braking assistance from the engine and better stability.

• Steering – Both hands firmly holding the wheel.

Remember you are stopping in the shortest possible distance and under full control (no skidding). Do not check your mirrors first as it will delay your braking.

Emergency Stop Procedure:

  • Move your foot quickly from the gas to the brake pedal and press progressively and firmly.
  • Keep a firm grip of the wheel.
  • Press clutch to the floor just before you stop. (Manual Transmission)
  • When stopped, if not moving off immediately apply the handbrake and select neutral.
  • When ready to move again use the POM Routine. (Prepare, Observe, Move)

If a vehicle arrives behind you after you have stopped, put on your hazard lights. This means you are a temporary obstruction in the road, they will either wait or go around you. In both cases you can now turn your hazard lights off and move away if safe.


ABS stands for ‘Anti-Lock Braking System’. Most modern cars have this system fitted and you need to know how the system on your vehicle works in order to brake properly. This information is found in the vehicle handbook.

ABS works by sensing when the wheels of your vehicle are just about to lock under braking. Just before the wheels lock the system releases the brakes and re-applies them again very quickly while your foot stays on the brake pedal. It will feel like a bumping or grinding sensation under your brake pedal and allows you to steer the vehicle under maximum braking. Be aware that when the system has started working it is generally designed for you to keep your foot on the brake, do not lift off. This system will not stop the vehicle more quickly for you. It will purely give you better control of your vehicle under maximum braking pressure.

Cadence Braking:

Cadence braking is the technique of pumping the brake when on a slippery surface in order to stop the car. You will need to apply maximum pressure on the brake until the wheels are about to lock then release the brake and re-apply to maximum pressure again. You may have to do this several times before you stop. This technique of braking needs to be applied when driving a vehicle without ABS.

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Unique course that teaches you the ins and outs of the hazard perception test.