Lesson 6, Topic 2
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How to Deal with Hazards

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MSM Routine – (Mirror, Signal, Manoeuvre)

The MSM routine is the routine that you must use on approach to every hazard. Here is a full breakdown of the routine with manoeuvre being split down into four further parts:

Mirrors: Effective observation, check position and speed of traffic behind.
Signal: If necessary, well timed
Position: Correctly, accurately, in good time
Speed: Change speed as necessary (acceleration, deceleration, footbrake)
Gears: Match the gear to the speed of the car if necessary for best control
Look: Plan well ahead and act early on what you see (look, assess, decide, act)

You may not always need to do every part of this routine at every hazard but must go
through it every time and only miss out what is not required at any given situation.

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